Allergy is a disease, it occurs when a human body’s immune system reacts with an exterior substance in the environment. But it doesn’t impact upon most of the people. These diseases are included atopic dermatitis, food allergies, Hay fever, allergic asthma, and anaphylaxis. Dust mites, pets, pollen, insects, ticks, molds, foods and some medicines for these substances may be affected as an allergen.Symptoms can be included as sneezing, red eyes, an itchy rash, runny nose, swelling and food poisoning is another condition of it.
Pollen and certain types of foods cause common allergies. Allergy is also caused by other substance and particular metals. medications, insect stings are most common reasons for intense allergic reaction. but the development of allergies is also considered by and genetic factors. Genetic problems can also make allergic problems, Atopy is one of them.atopic peoples can develop an immune reaction that produces allergic inflammation( Swelling and redness) then it may be changed into lungs – asthma, skin-eczema, hives, nose and eye hay fever. Allergy’s treatment consists of leaving known allergens and the use of allergic medications like steroids and antihistamines. allergen substance is effective for one person, but It is not so necessary that it must be allergic to another person too.because every person reacts differently.if anyone of your family members is suffering from asthma or allergy so it is likely in increasing development of allergies.
During severe allergic reactions, injectable adrenaline (epinephrine) is recommended. Allergen immunotherapy, which gradually describes people with large amounts of the allergen, is good for types of allergies such as hay fever and reactions of insect bites. Its uses in food allergies are unclear.
Allergies are commonly being developed in the entire world, approximately 20% of people are affected by allergic rhinitis, about 6% of people have at least one food allergy, and approximate 20% have atopic dermatitis at few points in time. Depending on the country about 1–18% of people have asthma. Anaphylaxis occurs in between 0.05–2% of people. Rates of many allergic diseases appear to be increasing. The word “allergy” was first used by Clemens von Pirquet in 1906.
Types Of Allergies:
There are several types of allergies, some are being discussed below:
- Drug allergies
- Allergic Rhinitis.
- Mold allergy.
- Insect sting allergy.
- Pet allergy.
- Cockroach allergy.
- Food allergy.
- Eye allergy.
- Latex allergy
- Sinus allergy.
- Skin allergy.
- Dust allergy.
If you have rashes on your body and feel difficulty to take breath having taken certain medicines .it means you may be supposed to drug allergy .when your immune system becomes affected by medicines, then these symptoms occur and consider it as an invader and chemical or medicine to defend it.
Allergic rhinitis is generally known as hay fever.You may have been allergic rhinitis If your mouth, eyes or nose feel itchy and you sneeze a lot. if your nose is often runny.
Allergic rhinitis begins in the human body when your immune system becomes impacted and affected by something in the external environment that usually doesn’t cause the problem to most people.
Allergic rhinitis has two different forms:
- Seasonal Allergic rhinitis.
- Perennial Allergic rhinitis
Mold allergy :
This is very difficult to outrun Mold allergies from the human body, the germs of this mold allergy may be placed in your basement, in the cabinet under your sink where leakage is undetected and in your bathroom and under the heap of leaves in your backyard.
Some key step to treat mold allergies against mold in your home:
- Quickly fix leaks to stop mold from growing.
- clean garbage box and refrigerator Regularly
- keep your gutters clear and make sure that drainage flow is far away from your home’s basement.
- Use exhaust fans or dehumidifiers .they help to reduce moisture and humidity in bathrooms or in your home.
Insect sting allergy:
Most people are not affected by insect stings allergy. To identify the difference between an allergic reaction and a normal reaction will reduce unsatisfaction and reduce unnecessary medical expense.
Insect Sting Allergy Symptoms
- Swelling (in the area of sting and sometimes beyond)
Insect Sting Allergy Management and Treatment
- Avoid insects.
- Consider allergy shots (immunotherapy).
- if symptoms of anaphylaxis develop, Immediately inject epinephrine (adrenaline).
Pet Allergy Symptoms
- Watery, red or itchy eyes
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Skin rash or hives
- Facial pain
- chest tightness
- shortness of breath.
Pet Allergy Treatment
- Nasal sprays
- Consider allergy shots (immunotherapy)
- Keep away your self from dogs and cats; if you have a pet in your home.
When your natural defense (immune system) doesn’t work properly and do overreact to the specific substance and treating it as an attacker.
These symptoms are common in children and babies. but this allergy may have appeared at any age. even you can develop an allergy to foods you ate for a long time with no problem.
You may have eye allergy(allergic conjunctivitis) if your eyes are itchy, red, tearing and burning, this is such a disease that most of the people have in the whole world.
Avoid these for making changes to your home and to your behavior.
- Use “mite-proof” bedding covers.
- Wash your hands after petting an animal.
- Keep windows closed during high pollen.
- use air conditioning in your home and car.
- use glasses or sunglasses when you are out of the home.
See the prescribed medicines for the allergist, that are more effective:
- Nonsedating oral antihistamines (note that they may dry your eyes and make your symptoms worse)
- Eyedrops (decongestant, antihistamine, mast cell stabilizer, corticosteroid, NSAID)
- Allergy shots (immunotherapy)
Sinus infection, this is a major health problem. People who have structural blockages in the nose or sinus, allergies, asthma, that is the great risk with weak peoples
Antibiotics are the good treatments for bacterial sinus infections. Antibiotics are normally taken from 3 to 28 days, it depends upon the antibiotic type. Because the sinuses are long seated in the bones, and blood supply has become limited, long treatments are prescribed for those people with long-lasting.
These are very common symptoms of skin allergic condition such as itching, redness, bumps and other skin rashes.but identifying skin allergy is so difficult .these symptoms may be caused by many other reasons.for example, by touching the poisonous plant, allergic reaction to foods, illness, medicines .eczema and hives both of them relates to allergy, they are two most common rashes.
They are microscopic organisms and placed in house dust and the moisture in the environment. they are the most common indoor allergy bacteria, and symptoms may be .by addition to allergic rhinitis, dust mite allergy can also cause asthma and flares of eczema. People with dust mite allergies often suffer by the unventilated house where fresh air doesn’t come inside. their symptoms often worsen during or after sweeping and dusting. The process of cleaning can stir up dust particles, making them easier to inhale.
People with dust mite allergies often suffer the most inside their own homes or in other people’s homes. Oddly enough, their symptoms often worsen during or immediately after vacuuming, sweeping and dusting. The process of cleaning dustbin stir up dust particles and making them easier to inhale.
Dust Mite Allergy Management and Treatment:
You should keep these changes in your home and your behavior.
Wear a mask while cleaning
- Keep pets away from the bedroom, and preferably out of the house.
- reduce household humidity.
- Use “mud-proof” cases on mattresses and pillows; wash bed sheet frequently in hot water.
- Keep the relative humidity in your home less than 50%
- Remove wall-to-wall carpets, curtains.