There was a time when one had to depend on traditional database vendors like Oracle, Microsoft, IBM, and so on for database software solutions. However, in recent times, you have many open-source database software solutions in the market. These open-source databases have gained a lot of importance, as more and more business concerns have started adopting them. Consequently, you find an increase in the availability of skilled DBAs having extensive knowledge of such platforms.
The need for having open source database software
- High demand – With an increase in the number of business concerns going online, there is a tremendous requirement for maintaining an exhaustive database. The proprietary databases such as IBM and so on need support to ensure the smooth functioning of the business. Having open-source database software to offer the necessary support is the need of the hour.
- Cost savings – The major software providing companies can offer support in the form of updates and backup. However, traditional solutions can be expensive. An ideal alternative is to have an open-source database software solution. You have many such vendors providing strong support of the highest quality at affordable prices.
- Data availability – Open-source software solutions possess a wealth of data available with them. It is easy for database administrators to tweak and open-source database and achieve a higher degree of scaling. Open-source database software solutions also allow DBAs to understand their limitations and work around them.
- Flexibility – Open-source database software solutions offer a high degree of flexibility. It is not possible in case of proprietary databases because the vendor exercises strict control over various aspects of the software solution.
Here are the five open-source database software solutions to look out for in 2019.
MySQL is one of the oldest open-source database software solutions available on the market. In spite of being open-source software, paid editions are available that provide additional facilities such as automatic scaling, and cluster geo-replication. MySQL, an industry standard open-source database software solution, is compatible with all operating systems written in C and C++ languages.
- Host-based verification
- It works even in the absence of a network
- A flexible solution as it comes with a privilege and password system.
- Security encryption of the highest order
- Allows embedding of the library into standalone applications
- Today, Oracle controls MySQL whereby it is no longer available free
- Not convenient for agile development
Compared to MySQL, MongoDB is a new software solution. Some of its prominent users are Fidelity Investments, Intel Capital, and Goldman Sachs Group. It works on the principle that coding and databases should be as simple as possible. It is a highly popular open-source database software, as it has seen more than 20 million downloads.
- Saves time, as it reduces the time between primary failure and recovery
- Commonly used in mobile apps, content management, and product catalogs
- Has security aspects like document validation and encrypted storage engine
- Challenging to learn and code
- Experiences issues when querying with its aggregation
The distinction of developing this software solution goes to the original developers of MySQL. Technological giants like Google, Facebook, and Wikipedia use this open-source database software solution. MariaDB is an ideal drop-in replacement for MySQL. The primary area of focus for this software solution is security. It is possible to merge all of MySQL’s security patches and update them as well if required.
- Capability to integrate easily with other software and offers high scalability
- Facility to access it on a real-time basis
- Ideal alternative for MySQL
- Server optimizations and patches available
- Absence of Memcached interface
- Password complexity plug-in feature is missing
4. CUBRID Manager
CUBRID Manager is one of the best open source database software available today. It is an excellent one for web applications. Under today’s circumstances, it is an ideal solution if there are large amounts of data for processing.
- Online backup facility available
- GUI tools and drivers available for development languages
- Database replication possible with a high level of transaction consistency
- Manual comes in two languages only, English and Korean
- Incompatible with Apple systems
- Absence of script debugger
PostgreSQL is active for a decade and a half. This excellent open source solution is compatible with all operating systems such as Linux, Windows, UNIX, Mac OS, and so on. This software solution is ACID compliant.
- Possible to create custom data types and query methods
- Enables defining and creating of own custom data types
- Ability to run stored procedures in many languages such as Java, Python, Ruby, and so on
- Allows creation of extensions like CitrusDB without modifying its code
- The system requires regular vacuuming because it encounters problems in high transaction rate environments
- Not an ideal solution when your data table has several columns
We have seen the five most popular open-source database software solutions to look out for in 2019. These solutions provide a great deal of flexibility because of their scalability features. There are other solutions like Firebird, SQLite, and so on. Today, almost all businesses need such open-source database software to cater to the ever-growing demand for database administration.