A pressure that moves blood through our circulatory system on the walls of blood vessels.Blood pressure is an important force because oxygen and nutrients are put around our circulatory system for the nourishment of tissues and organs.
this is an important mark, along with the body temperature, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation and, heart rate. Normal blood pressure in an adult should be 120 millimeters of systolic, and 80 millimeters of diastolic, abbreviated “120/80 mmHg”. the pressure in large arteries of the systemic circulation is usually referred to by blood pressure. the systolic pressure (maximum during one heartbeat) over diastolic pressure (minimum in between two heartbeats) usually represents Blood pressure and measured in millimeters (mmHg), upon the atmospheric pressure (considered to be zero). The blood pressure is manifested as systolic/diastolic blood pressure, for example, 120/80 is normal level blood pressure.
- The systolic blood pressure (the upper number) shows the pressure in the Heart arteries when your beats
- the pressure in the arteries, the muscle of the heart relaxes is represented by the diastolic blood pressure
A blood pressure should be followed as:
Types Of Blood Pressure :
Hypotension:(less than 90/60)
It is the low blood pressure, A blood pressure reading occurs as two numbers.
the low blood pressure, in the arteries of the systemic circulation. the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries is blood pressure. A systolic blood pressure of fewer than 90 millimeters and diastolic is less than 60( mm Hg ) is usually supposed to be hypotension. The main signs of low blood pressure lightheadedness, dizziness, and fainting.
In the other condition, some people exercise daily and they are in good physical condition, so in that case, low blood pressure is a sign of good health and fitness.
Low blood pressure or hypotension may be occurred by lack of water in our body this is called dehydration .in this case, our body needs a large amount of water, so we should drink more water as far as we can.
Signs and Symptoms:
The main or basic symptoms of hypotension are lightheadedness or dizziness. Fainting may have occurred, If the blood pressure is enough low, there may be so many symptoms as the signs of low blood pressure some are below:
- a headache
- shortness of breath
- irregular heartbeat
- stiff neck
- severe upper back pain
- a cough with sputum
- dysuria (painful urination)
- acute, life-threatening allergic reaction
- loss of consciousness
- temporary blurring or loss of vision
- Black tarry stools
- chest pain
Due to less flow of blood through heart arteries .when the pressure of blood become too low to deliver sufficient nutrients and oxygen for important organs such as brain, heart and kidney .in this case, these organs don’t remain to work properly, this may be caused the by damage of those organs temporarily.
Diet food for hypotension
A low blood pressure patient should eat this food to maintain blood pressure
- Skimmed milk
- Dark chocolate
- Sweet potato
Prehypertension is known as high normal blood pressure, is a precondition of hypertension or high blood pressure ,that means In which you are likely to be a high blood pressure patient, According to an American medical report the blood pressure of prehypertension patient is slightly increased than normal blood pressure .in spite of this, it is not considered as hypertension . Blood pressure reading of prehypertension should be systolic pressure from 120 to 139 mm Hg or a diastolic pressure from 80 to 89 mm Hg. Moreover of this reading is supposed to be hypertension.
Those factors that make pressure on the heart artery walls. they can lead to prehypertension. Atherosclerosis, It is an important factor which is produced by fatty deposits in heart arteries, thus it can lead to high blood pressure.
- Adrenal disease
- Thyroid disease
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Kidney disease
Prehypertension may include these risk factors:
- Being overweight or obese.
- Tobacco use.
- A family history of high blood pressure.
- Not being physically active.
- Diet high in salt (sodium) or low in potassium.
- Drinking too much alcohol.
Prevention and Treatment
A prescribed healthy lifestyle can change your to treat prehypertension and can also prevent high blood pressure. You can control your disease having done these things such as: eating healthy food, exercise daily, use of less salt, quitting smoke and maintain a healthy weight.
Hypertension (High Blood Pressure):
Hypertension (HTN or HT)
By the American Heart Association (AHA) hypertension has been defined as high blood pressure medically above than 130 over 80 millimeters (mmHg) in November 2017, this is also known as high blood pressure (HBP), it is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the heart arteries is consistently raised. High blood pressure usually may not be caused by symptoms. But high blood pressure may be reasoned for miscellaneous diseases, such as stroke, heart failure, vision loss, chronic kidney disease, coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation, peripheral vascular disease, and dementia.
This type of blood pressure can be classified into two stages. Approximately 90–95% cases are the primary stage, They can be defined as high blood pressure patient because of wrong or bad lifestyle and their genetic factors. Lifestyle can increase the risk contains excess salt in the meal, smoking, over body weight, and use alcohol. The rest 5–10% cases are defined as secondary high blood pressure, because of recognizable causes such as an endocrine disorder, chronic kidney disease, use of birth control pills or narrowing of the kidney arteries.
Blood pressure can be represented by two measurements, the systolic and diastolic pressures, those are the maximum and minimum pressures. For adults, normal blood pressure should be in the range of 100–130 millimeters (mmHg) systolic and 60–80 mmHg diastolic.
Medications and lifestyle changes can make blood pressure lower and decrease the risk of health complications. Lifestyle changes contain physical exercise, weight loss, decreased salt intake, healthy diet. If lifestyle changes are not enough to control blood pressure then blood pressure medicines should be used. medications can control blood pressure in 90% of people can control their blood pressure by medicines. In 2010 hypertension have been a factor in too many deaths.
While blood pressure is best regulating element through the diet before the stage of hypertension, there is a range of treatment options.
Regular physical exercise
Patient with hypertension is recommended by the doctor to moderate and dynamic exercise daily for 30minutes this may include jogging, walking, and cycling.
Blood pressure can be controlled by avoiding stress, developing new plans for life.
These things should be avoided Using alcohol, unhealthy eating, drugs, smoking, for decreasing hypertensive problem
Smoking can increase the blood pressure. And can make hypertension, heart conditions, and other health issues.
Diet Food for Hypertension:
A high blood pressure patient should take these foods for healthy diet.
- Watermelon Seeds
- Coconut water